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Hampton Roads Transit Bus Maintenance Facility

Hampton Roads Transit (HRT) serves the mass transit needs of the Hampton Roads, Virginia area with a large fleet of buses. Portions of the agency’s facilities dated to the 19th Century.


Concord Eastridge, supported by a design team led by WSP USA, was selected by HRT to develop new maintenance and administrative facilities in a public-private partnership agreement. We performed complete facility programming (maintenance and administrative) architecture, interior design, civil engineering, structural engineering, industrial engineering and security design.

Development of the project on the existing site required complete demolition of the existing facilities, and relocation to temporary, but complete, operational and administrative facilities for 24 months. 

The existing site was limited to 10 acres (4 hectares), in an irregular shape. To accommodate this configuration and size, the 186 bus parking spaces (104 covered) are in a compact arrangement. Structured parking for 245 employees is provided on an elevated, single-level deck that connects to the facility’s 12,000 square-foot (1,115-square meter) administrative area via a pedestrian bridge and includes a landscaped break area. The 63,000 square-foot (5,853-square-meter) bus maintenance building is arranged in a double-loaded arrangement, with buses backing into the maintenance bays and served from a continuous two-way service corridor. 

A separate 18,000 square-foot (1,672-meter) building provides three lanes for bus refueling and washing. The bus wash area is enclosed to protect from freezing temperatures while providing clerestory windows for natural lighting. Bus wash water is recycled and supplemented by rainwater harvested from the bus maintenance and fare retrieval buildings, and the parking deck. Fare retrieval is accomplished during refueling operations and fare revenues are processed in the adjacent building. 

The project was designed using building information modeling (BIM) software for architecture and structures to achieve a Gold LEED Rating. Our design services began in 2008 and were completed in 2010; construction of portions of the project was completed in 2011 with final completion in 2012.